HomeWorld NewsWhy Arab Countries are Unwilling to Take in Palestinian Refugees

Why Arab Countries are Unwilling to Take in Palestinian Refugees

Author

Date

Category

Why Egypt and Other Arab Countries are Unwilling to Take in Palestinian Refugees from Gaza

In response to the desperate situation of Palestinians in Gaza due to Israel’s ongoing retaliation for the October 7th attack by Hamas, neighboring countries, Egypt and Jordan, have firmly rejected providing refuge. Jordan has a significant Palestinian population, but together with Egypt, they have refused to take in Palestinian refugees from Gaza and the occupied West Bank.

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi, in particular, expressed concern that the ongoing conflict was not solely about fighting Hamas but also an attempt to force the civilian population to migrate to Egypt, which he warned could jeopardize peace in the region.

Why Egypt and other Arab countries are unwilling to take in Palestinian refugees from Gaza

As desperate Palestinians in sealed-off Gaza try to find refuge under Israel’s relentless bombardment in retaliation for Hamas’ brutal Oct. 7 attack, some ask why neighboring Egypt and Jordan don’t take them in.

The two countries, which flank Israel on opposite sides and share borders with Gaza and the occupied West Bank, respectively, have replied with a staunch refusal. Jordan already has a large Palestinian population.

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi made his toughest remarks yet on Wednesday, saying the current war was not just aimed at fighting Hamas, which rules the Gaza Strip, “but also an attempt to push the civilian inhabitants to … migrate to Egypt.” He warned this could wreck peace in the region.

Jordan’s King Abdullah II gave a similar message a day earlier, saying, “No refugees in Jordan, no refugees in Egypt.”

Their refusal is rooted in fear that Israel wants to force a permanent expulsion of Palestinians into their countries and nullify Palestinian demands for statehood. El-Sissi also said a mass exodus would risk bringing militants into Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, from where they might launch attacks on Israel, endangering the two countries’ 40-year-old peace treaty.

Here is a look at what is motivating Egypt’s and Jordan’s stances.

A HISTORY OF DISPLACEMENT

Displacement has been a major theme of Palestinian history. In the 1948 war around Israel’s creation, an estimated 700,000 Palestinians were expelled or fled from what is now Israel. Palestinians refer to the event as the Nakba, Arabic for “catastrophe.”

In the 1967 Mideast war, when Israel seized the West Bank and Gaza Strip, 300,000 more Palestinians fled, mostly into Jordan.

The refugees and their descendants now number nearly 6 million, most living in camps and communities in the West Bank, Gaza, Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. The diaspora has spread further, with many refugees building lives in Gulf Arab countries or the West.

After fighting stopped in the 1948 war, Israel refused to allow refugees to return to their homes. Since then, Israel has rejected Palestinian demands for a return of refugees as part of a peace deal, arguing that it would threaten the country’s Jewish majority.

Egypt fears history will repeat itself and a large Palestinian refugee population from Gaza will end up staying for good.

NO GUARANTEE OF RETURN

That’s in part because there’s no clear scenario for how this war will end.

Israel says it intends to destroy Hamas for its bloody rampage in its southern towns. But it has given no indication of what might happen afterward and who would govern Gaza. That has raised concerns that it will reoccupy the territory for a period, fueling further conflict.

The Israeli military said Palestinians who followed its order to flee northern Gaza to the strip’s southern half would be allowed back to their homes after the war ends.

Egypt is not reassured.

El-Sissi said fighting could last for years if Israel argues it hasn’t sufficiently crushed militants. He proposed that Israel house Palestinians in its Negev Desert, which neighbors the Gaza Strip, until it ends its military operations.

“Israel’s lack of clarity regarding its intentions in Gaza and the evacuation of the population is in itself problematic,” said Riccardo Fabiani, Crisis Group International’s North Africa Project Director. “This confusion fuels fears in the neighborhood.”

Egypt has pushed for Israel to allow humanitarian aid into Gaza, and Israel said Wednesday that it would, though it didn’t say when. According to United Nations, Egypt, which is dealing with a spiraling economic crisis, already hosts some 9 million refugees and migrants, including roughly 300,000 Sudanese who arrived this year after fleeing their country’s war.

But Arab countries and many Palestinians also suspect Israel might use this opportunity to force permanent demographic changes to wreck Palestinian demands for statehood in Gaza, the West Bank and east Jerusalem, which was also captured by Israel in 1967.

El-Sissi repeated warnings Wednesday that an exodus from Gaza was intended to “eliminate the Palestinian cause … the most important cause of our region.” He argued that if a demilitarized Palestinian state had been created long ago in negotiations, there would not be war now.

“All historical precedent points to the fact that when Palestinians are forced to leave Palestinian territory, they are not allowed to return back,” said H.A. Hellyer, a senior associate fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “Egypt doesn’t want to be complicit in ethnic cleansing in Gaza.”

Arab countries’ fears have only been stoked by the rise under Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of hard-right parties that talk in positive terms about removing Palestinians. Since the Hamas attack, the rhetoric has become less restrained, with some right-wing politicians and media commentators calling for the military to raze Gaza and drive out its inhabitants. One lawmaker said Israel should carry out a “new Nakba” on Gaza.

WORRIES OVER HAMAS

At the same time, Egypt says a mass exodus from Gaza would bring Hamas or other Palestinian militants onto its soil. That might be destabilizing in Sinai, where Egypt’s military fought for years against Islamic militants and at one point accused Hamas of backing them.

Egypt has backed Israel’s blockade of Gaza since Hamas took over in the territory in 2007, tightly controlling the entry of materials and the passage of civilians back and forth. It also destroyed the network of tunnels under the border that Hamas and other Palestinians used to smuggle goods into Gaza.

With the Sinai insurgency largely put down, “Cairo does not want to have a new security problem on its hands in this problematic region,” Fabiani said.

El-Sissi warned of an even more destabilizing scenario: the wrecking of Egypt and Israel’s 1979 peace deal. He said that with the presence of Palestinian militants, Sinai “would become a base for attacks on Israel. Israel would have the right to defend itself … and would strike Egyptian territory.”

“The peace which we have achieved would vanish from our hands,” he said, “all for the sake of the idea of eliminating the Palestinian cause.”

7 COMMENTS

  1. A small correction is necessary to the statement that ‘…In the 1948 war around Israel’s creation, an estimated 700,000 Palestinians were expelled or fled from what is now Israel. Palestinians refer to the event as the Nakba, Arabic for “catastrophe.;

    Many of those who left were told very clearly that their ‘relocation’ was going to be only very temporary and that once ‘The Jews’ were driven into the Mediterranean Sea, the ‘Displaced’ could return and help themselves to all the now-abandoned’ Jewish’ stuff’ for free! With that incentive many left ‘but only temporarily’

    UNFORTUNATELY, ‘The Jews’ didn’t get the memo and proceeded to beat the five Arab armies sent against them, while also rendering the ‘temporarily’ displaced (And ‘freebie-seeking’) former residents homeless,

    Now deemed ‘refugees’ (Through their OWN actions BTW) , these individuals then discovered that ‘Arab unity’ was a myth, and that, again through their own actions, all their islamic mates actually DIDN’T want them, so they were (and still are) stuck in the middle of nowhere, unwanted, unloved and with no likelihood of ever returning to those places that they were told would be theirs for the taking (‘For free’).

    Israel of course definitely didn’t want them back, and indeed the ‘refugees’ subsequent actions (In Joran especially) only served to give good reasons as to why they should REMAIN in isolation.

    Stalemate!

    Oh dear, how sad, never mind!

    12

    0

    • Not a big Bible reader, well never read it actually though I did go to a Catholic Boarding school so had a fair grounding in all that stuff, But I do not remember reading or hearing ever about the Palastinians in those times. Jews/Israelites of course but not Palestinians Interesting that other Arab nations will not take them either isn’t it. War mongers. Please correct me with passage in the bible if I am incorrect stating where the Palestinians are mentioned. Think the Bible was one of the first books ever written so of course the Jews?Israelites should have the land, they were there first/well soonish anyway before the ???????

      4

      0

  2. They where there all right just called a different name Philistines, the Giant Goliath fought for them and there was many tribes of them, their roots were Phoenician and they where a sea people (pirates), they where defeated then as well.
    Actually we still use their alphabet or parts of it in our written langwidge

    4

    0

  3. A diverse range of people lived in the area of modern Israel and had advanced civilisations as far back as recorded history goes. It is absurd to say one of the many religious cults can claim it as their homeland 3000 years latter because a tribe who followed that religion once lived there. It has turned Jews into a target.

    Common sense really.

    3

    0

Recent posts

Have Your Say

True Or False??

Have Your Say

Tuesday Fun

Recent comments

Lizziep on Have Your Say
Lizziep on Have Your Say
Francis on Have Your Say
Hooker Phil on Have Your Say
Hooker Phil on Have Your Say
Komata on Have Your Say
Alice on Have Your Say
waikatogirl on Have Your Say

Pike is our weekly review of the most popular posts and comments seen on YSB in the past week.
Hamilton
clear sky
15 ° C
15.8 °
15 °
72 %
6.9kmh
9 %
Thu
15 °
Fri
17 °
Sat
17 °
Sun
16 °
Mon
14 °
NZD - New Zealand Dollar
USD
1.6643
EUR
1.7933
AUD
1.0982
CAD
1.2163
GBP
2.0861
JPY
0.0107
CNY
0.2301
INR
0.0199